Download E-books The Martians Have Landed!: A History of Media-Driven Panics and Hoaxes PDF

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By Robert E. Bartholomew, Benjamin Radford

Heritage is replete with examples of media-created scares and panics. This e-book provides greater than 3 dozen experiences of media scares from the seventeenth century to the twenty first century, together with hoaxes perpetrated through newspapers, radio, tv and our on-line world. From the 1835 batmen at the Moon hoax to newer chook flu scares and storm Katrina myths, this publication explores hoaxes that spotlight the influence of the media on our lives and its tendency to sensationalize. many of the hoaxes lined happened within the usa, although incidents from Europe, Asia, Africa, South the US and Australia are featured to boot. a number of are international in scope, revealing the ability international media wields.

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Named “KakWorm,” this system in reality labored precisely just like the mythical “Good occasions. ” The virus silently infects the pc whether it isn't opened or learn, an official description defined, declaring, “Simply examining the bought e mail message explanations the virus to be put on the method. ”16 finally, the following day (a Friday) was once the eve of Y2K. part 5 It got here from a chum of a chum — Media-Spread city Legends This web page deliberately left clean CHAPTER 25 city Legends and the Media The passing on of reports from neighbor to neighbor has lengthy been part of human lifestyles, yet starting with the first printing press, the mass media has speedily accelerated the method of dishing out rumor and gossip to a planet that has been became a world village through ever-evolving communique expertise. bankruptcy 23 on Katrina evacuee myths highlights the overlapping nature of the city legends and our on-line world. the parable of the evacuees behaving badly used to be an city legend, however it used to be virtually solely transmitted through the net and therefore, has been positioned within the type of our on-line world. city legends also are referred to as “friend of a chum” tales simply because they're approximately most unlikely to track to their unique resource. while the storyteller is pressed to bare the place she or he heard it from, it always turns of to be a pal of a friend’s mother’s cousin who, in flip, heard it from a pal of a chum. those tales are approximately very unlikely to ensure, are handed on ordinarily by means of note of mouth, are touted as being of modern beginning, and are usually stated to have occurred in an city setting — consequently the time period “urban legend. ” placed otherwise, they seem to be a kind of dwelling folklore. The world’s premiere authority at the topic is American folklorist Jan Harold Brunvand who popularized the time period in 1981 in his now well-known publication, The Vanishing Hitchhiker: American city Legends and Their Meanings. 1 till the Nineteen Fifties, folklorists seen those stories as being virtually solely unfold via note of mouth, yet quickly started to notice that many newspaper money owed grew to become out to be city legends in hide. 2 whereas city legends should not thought of to be a kind of mass media according to se, because the improvement and proliferation of newspapers, radio, television and film, those a number of mediums drastically magnify the ability of reports that have been as soon as simply unfold from individual to individual. not just do they speedy unfold their message to a wide viewers, the very visual appeal of messages in those mediums can lend credibility 131 132 5 : IT got here FROM A good friend OF A pal to the potential of their truth. to listen to a person say that the president of the USA has been shot is something, yet to listen to it over the television or at the radio is much extra strong and influential in convincing a skeptical public. An early instance of the ability of the media to unfold city legends is the “Paul McCartney Is useless” scare of the overdue Sixties. McCartney used to be the lead singer of arguably the best rock band ever: The Beatles. In 1969 newspaper money owed began appearing that the well-known rock megastar had died 3 years past in 1966, however the band had secretly changed him with a look-alike on the insistence of checklist corporation bigwigs who have been nervous that, if the reality received out, list revenues might plummet and they'd lose cash.

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