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By Alan Allport, George Wingfield
England: distinct exploration of the folk, tradition, background, geography, surroundings, economic system, and executive of this enduring kingdom.
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Extra resources for England (Modern World Nations)
His forebears got here from Sulgrave Manor in Northamptonshire, and it used to be his great-grandfather John Washington who sailed from England to Virginia in 1656, simply one hundred twenty years sooner than the yank announcement of Independence. five executive and Politics T he uk, of which England is part, is exclusive between significant international international locations in having no written structure. that doesn't suggest to claim that the rustic has no structure in any respect; in reality, it has one of many oldest on the earth. however it isn't really embodied in one, formal record, akin to the structure of the USA of the United States. really, it's a number of legislation and statutes, a few reliable and a few binding during the strength of culture and precedent. even though this may sound haphazard—and a few Britons may agree that it is—it additionally has given the uk an strange political balance, and its voters have lengthy loved very important civil liberties. England used to be one of many first glossy international locations on the earth to provide severe concept to democratic rules and the rule of thumb of legislations. some of the ideas enshrined within the U. S. structure, corresponding to the “separation of powers” among diverse branches of presidency, have their origins within the unwritten U. ok. structure. The casual sixty one 62 England nature of British legislations additionally permits it to be versatile in accordance with switch. even supposing the various branches of presidency have it appears remained a similar for hundreds of years, comparable to the monarchy, their genuine capabilities have replaced past attractiveness. The Monarchy The British head of kingdom, the very best resource of all political authority, is the monarch. seeing that 1952, that has been Queen Elizabeth II of the home of Windsor. As a toddler, Queen Elizabeth by no means anticipated to develop into monarch. Her father, the duke of York, used to be in basic terms moment in line to the throne after his elder brother Edward, the prince of Wales. yet in 1936, Edward VIII, as he had turn into, abdicated his place after below a 12 months as a result of his desire to marry an American divorcee, Wallis Simpson—an unpardonable act in these days. Elizabeth’s father grew to become king as a substitute, reigning as George VI. King George was once drastically revered through the British humans for his braveness in the course of global conflict II, however the rigidity of unforeseen public place of work and sickness brought on by his heavy smoking was once an excessive amount of for him and he died fairly younger. His eldest daughter, Elizabeth, who was once merely 26 on the time of her father’s demise, used to be topped queen in a amazing 1953 coronation rite that used to be broadcast in the course of the global utilizing the hot know-how of tv. She has reigned ever due to the fact that. In 2002, she marked her 50th 12 months at the throne, her “Golden Jubilee. ” In idea at the very least, the queen’s powers are enormous. She is the chief of all 3 branches of presidency (the govt, the legislature, and the judiciary), commander-in-chief of the military, and head of the Church of britain. All public officeholders and civil servants—including infantrymen, sailors, and airmen—give a private oath of loyalty to her.