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The U.S. presidential election of 2008 used to be essentially the most major elections in contemporary American background. Bringing jointly major geographers and political scientists, this authoritative atlas analyzes and maps the campaigns, primaries, common election, and key nation referenda to supply a wealthy photograph of this watershed event.
The individuals supply a complete and targeted evaluate of all points of the election, supplying presidential effects on the nationwide point, in significant areas, and in swing states. Drilling all the way down to county point, they hint balloting styles for key racial, ethnic, spiritual, and occupational teams. additionally they illustrate the crusade thoughts of Democratic and Republican get together leaders. relocating past the nationwide race, the atlas compares vital senatorial and gubernatorial races to presidential votes and considers chosen nation referenda comparable to marriage amendments, farm animal cruelty, stem mobile examine, and physician-assisted suicide. for additional context and intensity, the 2008 election effects are in comparison with past nationwide elections.
Illustrated with greater than 2 hundred meticulously drawn full-color maps, the atlas might be a vital reference and a desirable source for pundits, citizens, crusade staffs, and political junkies alike.
Contributions by: John Agnew, J. Clark Archer, William Berentsen, Stanley D. Brunn, Thomas E. Chapman, Jeffrey R. Crump, Carl T. Dahlman, David Darmofal, Lisa M. DeChano-Cook, Mark Drayse, Joshua J. Dyck, Ryan D. Enos, Daniel Ervin, John W. Frazier, Megan A. Gall, Andrew Gelman, James G. Gimpel, Alex Ginsburg, Sean P. Gorman, Mark Graham, Nathaniel HadleyDike, John Heppen, Heather Hollen, Taylor Johnson, Kimberly Karnes, Larry Knopp, Matt Landers, Stephen J. Lavin, Jonathan I. Leib, Kenneth C. Martis, John McNulty, Joshua R. Meddaugh, Melissa R. Michelson, Mark A. Moody, Toby Moore, Richard L. Morrill, J. Eric Oliver, Kathleen O'Reilly, Nick Quinton, Mark E. Reisinger, Wesley J. Reisser, Tony Robinson, Fred M. Shelley, Taylor Shelton, Jonathan Taylor, Andrew J. Turner, Tom Vanderhorst, Barney Warf, Robert Watrel, Gerald R. Webster, and Matthew Zook.
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Extra info for Atlas of the 2008 Elections
090) pales compared to such nonrealignment elections as 1912 (a coefficient of . 275), 1920 (– . 292), 1964 (. 216), 1968 (– . 221), 1972 (– . 221), and 1976 (. 258). In all, twenty-one presidential elections considering 1832 exhibited extra partisan switch than did the 2008 election. The 2008 presidential election ranks just one classification above the median election in quantity of partisan switch. The partisan swap within the 2008 election is average, now not exceptional, compared to the partisan swap in presidential elections because the introduction of mass participation within the usa. instead of marking a primary realignment, the partisan swap in 2008 displays a way more modest development for the Democratic social gathering. in particular, the profits for the Democrats in 2008 principally go back them to the status they'd throughout the Nineteen Nineties. desk four. 2 provides the suggest Democratic percent of the two-party vote for every of the six locale kinds and every of the 8 sections for every presidential election from 1980 via 2008. the main constant styles that emerge from desk four. 2 are the robust similarities among the 2008 election and the 2 Clinton victories of 1992 and 1996 and the divergence of those 3 elections from the 2 presidential elections in among. The 2008 election, with its Democratic percentage of the two-party vote at fifty three. 24 percentage, resembles the 2 Clinton elections even more heavily than it resembles the other presidential election in this interval. this can be additionally real once we dig lower than the nationwide floor to envision particular locale forms and sections. for instance, the Democratic Party’s functionality in 2008 was once approximately similar to its functionality in 1996 in counties with huge towns, counties surrounding huge towns, and smaller city counties, and masses higher than its functionality in those counties within the elections of 2000 and 2004. the 2 vital issues of divergence in 2008 from the Nineties are counties with smaller towns (where the Democratic social gathering played higher than it had within the Nineteen Nineties) and rural counties (where the Democratic occasion played markedly worse than it had within the 1990s). We additionally see very related performances to the Nineties by means of the Democratic social gathering in 2008 in lots of sections of the rustic. for instance, the Democrats’ functionality in New England, the mid-Atlantic, the Midwest, the Plains, and the Mountain states was once similar to its functionality in those sections in 1992 and 1996 and was once more suitable than in those sections within the 2000 and 2004 elections. the 2 crucial issues of divergence from the Nineties are in border states (where the Democratic Party’s functionality in 2008 was once worse than within the Nineties) and at the West Coast (where the Democratic Party’s functionality in 2008 was once higher than within the 1990s). total, there is not any proof that the Democratic get together loved a primary realignment in its want within the 2008 election. as an alternative, the election served mostly to come the social gathering to the proportion of the twoparty vote it loved within the Clinton wins in 1992 and 1996.