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By Benjamin H. Hary
Jews hired not just their sacred texts in Hebrew and Aramaic but additionally in translation into their neighborhood sort. accordingly, the style of translating sacred texts into Jewish languages, religiolects, and types has been frequent through the Jewish global.
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Additional info for Translating Religion:Linguistic Analysis of Judeo-Arabic Sacred Texts from Egypt (Etudes sur le Judaïsme Médiéval, Tome 38)
Therefore, a number of verbs seem within the texts within the verbal shape I instead of IV: ‰ËÚ />a†a/ (15 24b,20; seventy four 2,7) ‘(he) gave’; ÂÏÒ¯ /rasalu/ (15 4a,18) ‘(they) despatched. ’ 2. 2. five. 1. 2 The verb ‘come’ The texts exhibit a few colloquial features of this verb which additionally seem in general Cairene: ˙È‚ /g∑t/ (15 3b,11) ‘I came’; ‰È‚ /g∑na/ (15 15b,4) ‘we came’; Â˙È‚/ÌÂ˙È‚ /g∑tu(m)/ (15 7a,6; 27b,2; and extra) ‘you (pl. ) got here. ’ The 3rd individual shape within the ¡ur¥˙ is either ‰È‚ /geh/ (15 8b,1 24a,14; and extra) and ‰‚ /gah/ (15 18b,13; 19a,2; and extra) ‘he got here’ as in ordinary Cairene. additionally, the texts function particular Egyptian Judeo-Arabic features: ˙˙‡‚ /gåtit/ (15 28a,2 and extra) ‘she got here’ (/gat/ within the general sort) and Â‚ /gu/ (3 3,14) ‘(they) got here’ (/gum/ within the normal variety). Egyptian Judeo-Arabic has additionally /ega/ ‘he got here’ and /egu/ ‘they came,’ attested in previous sessions. five 6 2. 2. five. 1. three The verbs ‘eat’ and ‘take’ while the fast kinds /kal/ ‘he ate’ and /xad/ ‘he took’ are universal in usual Egyptian dialect, spoken Egyptian Judeo-Arabic doesn't hire them within the texts of the ¡ur¥˙. in fact it's attainable that the lengthy varieties showing within the ¡ur¥˙ signify common literary fifty six See additionally Blanc 1974:215; Hary 1992:285 and the references there; Rosenbaum 2002c:126. a hundred and twenty SPOKEN EGYPTIAN JUDEO-ARABIC Arabic and never the colloquial; notwithstanding, it really is telling that the traditional Cairene brief kinds /kal/ and /xad/ are missing:5 7 ˙ÏÎ‡ /akalt/ (15 8b,5) ‘I ate’; ÏÎ‡ /akal/ (15 6a,3; 13,8; and extra; ninety three 83,9) ‘he ate’; ˙ÈÏÎ‡ /akalit/ (15 22a,12; ninety three 84,8; 84,16; and extra) ‘she ate’; ‰ÏÎ‡ /akalna/ (93 59,19; 62,12) ‘we ate’; Â˙ÏÎ‡ /akaltu/ (15 22b,3) ‘you (pl. ) ate’; ÂÏÎ‡ /akalu/ (15 14b,20; 15a,13; and extra; three 2,2; ninety three 62,15) ‘they ate’; ˙„¡‡ /axadt/ (15 24b,1; 36a,20) ‘I took’; „¡‡ /axad/ (15 15b,17; 16a,12; 1302 2b,3) ‘he took’; ˙„¡‡ /axadet/ (15 11b,12; 14a,18; and extra) ‘she took’; Â„¡‡ /axadu/ (15 18a,19; 18b,2; and extra; 1302 1b,8) ‘they took. ’ 2. 2. five. 1. four The verb ‘go’ The verb /r¢å˙/ is common in usual Egyptian dialect, taking place additionally in Egyptian Judeo-Arabic dialect: ˙ÁÂ¯ /ru˙t/ (15 18b,3) ‘I went’; ˙ÁÂ¯ /ru˙t/ (15 14a,11) ‘you (masc. sg. ) went’; Á‡¯ /rå˙/ (15 2b,7; 4b,2; and extra) ‘he went’; ˙Á‡¯ /rå˙et/ (15 4b,1; 4b,2; and extra) ‘she went’; ÂÁ‡¯ /rå˙u/ (15 28a,10; 38a,16; and extra) ‘they went. ’ even though, Cairene Judeo-Arabic dialect has additionally the bizarre version of /ar¢å˙/: Á‡¯‡ (15 6b,5; 9b,1; 9b,6) ‘he went’ (Blanc 1974:215; Rosenbaum 2002c:126). 2. 2. five. 1. five Shift of final-hamza verbs it's common within the dialect for final-hamza verbs to shift to “defective” verbs (R3 =/ > R3 =/y/). there's proof for this shift within the numerous Egyptian ¡ur¥˙: ÂÏÓÈ /yimlu/ (15 2b,12; three 1,1) ‘(they) fill’; ˙ÏÓ˙‡ /itmalet/ (15 0-2,12) ‘was crammed. ’ 2. 2. five. 2 shape V occasionally it truly is tricky to differentiate within the dialect among verbal shape V preceded by way of a prothetic alif and itfa>al: ‰ÓÏÚ˙‡ /it>allEmna/ (3 5,11) or /it>alEmna/ ‘we discovered. ’ fifty seven See affirmation for the inability of the quick varieties in Blanc 1974:215 and Hary 1992:285–86.