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By Albert O. Hischman
During this quantity, Albert Hirschman reconstructs the highbrow weather of the 17th and eighteenth centuries to light up the problematic ideological transformation that happened, in which the pursuit of fabric pursuits --so lengthy condemned because the lethal sin of avarice --was assigned the position of containing the unruly and harmful passions of guy. Hirschman the following deals a brand new interpretation for the increase of capitalism, one who emphasizes the continuities among previous and new, unlike the belief of a pointy holiday that may be a universal function of either Marxian and Weberian considering. one of the insights awarded here's the ironical discovering that capitalism used to be initially imagined to accomplish precisely what used to be quickly denounced as its worst characteristic: the repression of the passions in desire of the "harmless," if one-dimensional, pursuits of industrial lifestyles. To painting this long ideological swap as an endogenous method, Hirschman attracts at the writings of a giant variety of thinkers, together with Montesquieu, Sir James Steuart, and Adam Smith.
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138, a hundred and forty four lust, sexual, nine luxurious: and trade, Smith's Mably, Gabriel Bonnet de, fifty seven Machiavelli, Niccolò, 13-14, 40n, forty nine, fifty three, 111, 137; curiosity, thought of, 33, forty-one computing device, metaphor of, ninety, 9394 Macpherson, C. B. , 136 Madariaga, Salvador de, one hundred forty Madison, James, 30 Maier, Pauline, 142 Malkiel, Maria Rosa Lida de, 136 Malthus, Thomas R. , 86 guy as he quite is, 12-14, 2728. See additionally human nature Mandeville, Bernard, 18, 19, 25, 112, 119, a hundred thirty Marx, Karl, fifty six, sixty two, one hundred twenty, 124 Marxism, 99-100, 134, a hundred thirty five Matheron, Alexandre, 141 Meek, Ronald L. , 141, 142 Meinecke, Friedrich, 33-35, 138 Melon, Jean-François, eighty mercantile category, ninety one; upward push of, 101-2 mercantilism, fifty two, seventy nine, eighty two, eighty three center a long time, pursuit of honor, glory, and riches in, 9-10 heart category, eighty three; upward push of, 101-2 Millar, John, 70, eighty one, 105n, 142; doctrines, 87-93 Mirabeau, Victor Riqueti, Marquis de, 94-96 Mises, Ludwig von, 128 Molière, Jean Baptiste Poquelin, 12 cash: love of, as curiosity, 54-57; lust for, as sin, 9-10, 12, 20-21, forty-one. See additionally wealth one hundred fifty INDEX money-making: as calm ardour, 63-66; as innocuous pursuit, 56-63, 134; nineteenth-century rules on, one hundred twenty five; and Protestant ethic, 129-30 Montesquieu, Charles Louis de Secondat, Baron de, nine, fifty five, fifty six, 20-21; reworked into virtues, 16-18; and struggle, seventy nine character, impact of capitalism on, 132, 133 Peters, Richard S. , 137 Physiocrats, 70, 104, 122; monetary growth, perspectives of, 93-96; political association, perspectives of, 96-99 Plato, forty three 70, ninety three, ninety nine, 119, a hundred twenty five, 127, 136; on accounts of trade, 72-74, 76-78; on trade, 70-80; on doux trade, 60; and Physiocrats, 96-97; on strength, 77-78; on estate, seventy four, ninety four; Smith in comparison with, 102, 104, 107; Steuart prompted by way of, 81-82, 85-88 Montesquieu-Steuart doctrines, 113, 117-18, a hundred and twenty, 123, 124, 128 Morelly, fifty seven Pocock, J. G. A. , vii-viii, 40n, 57n, 143, one hundred forty four Polanyi, Michael, sixty nine political association, Physiocrats' perspectives on, 96-99 energy: countervailing, 77-78; lust for, as sin, 9-10, 12 energy, regulations on: Millar's Napoleonic Wars, 113 countries, "polished" and "rude or barbarous," sixty one, 119-20 nature, kingdom of, fifty three Nedham, Marchamont, 36n Nef, John U. , one hundred forty four Nicole, Pierre, 16-17n Oresmus, Nicolas, 141 Pascal, Blaise, eleven, 12, sixteen passions: and aristocracy, 112; countervailing, 20-31, forty-one, seventy eight; and monetary growth, 125-26; inconstancy of, 5253; and curiosity, dichotomy of, 42-48, fifty eight, 63-64, 69-70, seventy three, 102, one hundred twenty five; curiosity and pursuits as tamers of, 31-42; and pursuits as synonyms, 110-11; and cause, 43-44; Smith's perspective towards, 108, 110-11; 3 easy, 9-10, 12, 151 rules, 89-93; Montesquieu's principles, 77-78, 87-88; Proudhon's rules, 128; Steuart's rules, 82-88 powers, separation of, 77-78 compliment, hope for, 10 estate: Montesquieu's view of, seventy four, ninety four; movable and stuck, 73-76, ninety four; inner most, arguments for, 127-28; Spinoza's view of, 74-75 Protestant ethic, 129-30 Proudhon, Pierre Joseph, 128, Prudentius, 21n public debt, 75-76 Pufendorf, Samuel von, fifty three Quesnay, François, seventy five, 94-96, ninety eight, 103 Raab, Felix, 36n, 3711, 139 Racine, Jean Baptiste, eleven cause, curiosity, and passions, 43-44, forty six, 74n INDEX Renaissance, pursuit of honor and glory in, eleven ressentiment, 121, 126 Retz, Jean François de Gondi, Cardinal de, 45-46, one hundred thirty five revolution of 1848, 124 riots and rebellions, Millar's view of, 89-93 Robertson, William, sixty one, eighty three Rohan, Henri, Duc de, 34, 3637, forty two, fifty one, 111 Romanticism, 132 Rosenberg, Nathan, 18n, 143, a hundred and forty four Rousseau, Jean Jacques, 14, 27-28, 107; on amour de soi and amour propre, 109; on pursuits and passions, 126 Rudé, George, ninety two, 142 sin: Augustine's notion of, 9-10; avarice as, 12, 20-21, forty-one Skinner, A.