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The Oxford heritage of the British Empire is an review of the Empire within the mild of modern scholarship and the revolutionary starting of ancient files. quantity III covers the lengthy 19th century, from the success of yankee independence within the 1780s to the eve of worldwide warfare in 1914. This used to be the interval of Britain's maximum growth as either empire-builder and dominant global energy. it really is divided into components. the 1st comprises thematic chapters, a few concentrating on Britain, others on parts on the imperial outer edge, exploring these primary dynamics of British enlargement that made imperial impact and rule attainable. in addition they study the industrial, cultural, and institutional frameworks that gave form to Britain's abroad empire. half 2 is dedicated to the crucial parts of imperial task in another country, together with either white settler and tropical colonies. Chapters study how British pursuits and imperial rule formed person regions' 19th century political and socio-economic heritage. subject matters handled contain the economics of empire, imperial associations, defence, expertise, imperial and colonial cultures, technology and exploration.
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Extra resources for The Oxford History of the British Empire, Volume 3: The Nineteenth Century
D E V I N E , Scottish Emigration and Scottish Society (Edinburgh, 1992). C H A R L O T T E E R I C okay S O N , ed. , Emigration from Europe, 1815-1914: opt for records (London, 1976). D O N A L D F L E M I N G and B E R N A R D B A I L Y N , eds. , views in American background, Vol. VII, Dislocation and Emigration: The Social historical past of yankee Immigration (Cambridge, Mass. , 1973). D. V. G L A s s and P. A. M. T A Y L o R, inhabitants and Emigration: executive and Society in Nineteenth-Century Britain, Commentaries on British Parliamentary Papers (Dublin, 1976). MARJORY HARPER, Emigration from North East Scotland, Vol. I, keen Exiles, Vol. II, past the extensive Atlantic (Aberdeen, 1988). H. J. M. J O H N S T O N , British Emigration coverage, 1815-1830: 'Shovelling out Paupers' (Oxford, 1972). O L I V E R M A C D O N A G H , 'Irish Emigration to the U.S. of the US and the British Colonies through the Famine', in R. Dudley Edwards and T. Desmond Williams, the nice Famine: experiences in Irish heritage, 1845-52 (Dublin, 1962), pp. 319-90. BRITISH MIGRATION eight/ Emigration within the Victorian Age: Debates at the factor from Nineteenth-Century severe Journals (Farnborough, 1973). H O W A R D L. M A L C H O W , inhabitants Pressures: Emigration and executive in past due Nineteenth-Century Britain (Palo Alto, Calif. , 1979). A. G. L. SHAW, Convicts and Colonies (London, 1966). H U G H T I N ok E R and others, The Diaspora of the British (London, 1982). five Migration from Africa, Asia, and the South Pacific DAVID NORTHRUP After the British Isles, crucial resource of abroad emigrants in the nineteenth-century Empire was once British India. furthermore, vast numbers of Africans, chinese language, and Pacific Islanders entered a number of components of the Empire. earlier than 1860 the majority of those migrations have been to complement former slave populations in tropical sugar plantation colonies, yet thereafter a transforming into percentage went into plantation labour in colonies that had by no means identified slavery in addition to into mining and railway development. Tropical migration was once an essential component of the Empire's growth, strongly associated with the advance of recent colonies and sponsored ecu emigration within the southern hemisphere. such a lot Asian, African, and Pacific immigrants have been recruited on long term labour contracts. They both arrived at their locations already tied to precise employers or have been allotted to employers instantly after arrival. a few contracts have been within the type of debt bondage, that's, a long term legal responsibility to a recruiter or service provider to pay off the price of passage and advances through salary deductions. Many others entered into formal contracts of indenture, obliging them to paintings for a distinct time period (typically 5 years), even though no formal debt was once incurred. in contrast to eu indentured servants of prior centuries, they bought wages as well as unfastened passage out of the country and infrequently had definitely the right to loose go back. simply because indentured migrations have been topic to shut authentic supervision and to cautious record-keeping, their info are larger identified than different tropical migrations.