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Download E-books The History of the Jewish People in the Age of Jesus Christ: Volume 2 PDF

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Emil Schürer's Geschichte des judischen Volkes im Zeitalter Jesu Christi, initially released in German among 1874 and 1909 and in English among 1885 and 1891, is a serious presentation of Jewish background, associations, and literature from one hundred seventy five B.C. to A.D. one hundred thirty five. It has rendered necessary prone to students for almost a century.

The current paintings deals a clean translation and a revision of the total subject-matter. The bibliographies were rejuvenated and supplemented; the assets are provided in line with the newest scholarly variants; and all of the new archaeological, epigraphical, numismatic and literary proof, together with the lifeless Sea Scrolls and the Bar Kokhba records, has been brought into the survey. Account has additionally been taken of the growth in ancient examine, either within the classical and Jewish fields. This paintings reminds scholars of the profound debt owed to nineteenth-century studying, atmosphere it inside a much broader framework of latest wisdom, and offers a origin on which destiny historians of Judaism within the age of Jesus may perhaps build.

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X x i v - v . 2 five . I n Tacitus Ann. i, 10 Augustus is reproached 'nihil deorum honoribus relictum, cum se templis et effigie numinum in line with flamines et sacerdotes coli vellet'. Suetonius, Div. Aug. fifty nine: 'provinciarum pleraeque tremendous templa et aras ludos quoque quinquennales paene oppidatim constituerunt'. Augustus rejected this cult basically in Rome (Suetonius, Div. Aug. five 2 : 'in urbe quidem pertinacissime abstinuit hoc honore'). A temple used to be first erected to him there via Tiberius (Tacitus, Ann. vi, forty five; Suetonius, Calig. 2 1 ) . Of the surviving temples to Augustus the main well-known is that at Ancyra; see D . Krencker and M. Schede, Der Tempel in Ankara (1936), cf. E . Bickermann, 'Die romische Kaiserapotheose', ARW 2 7 (1929), pp. 1-34; L . R . Taylor, The Divinity of the Roman Emperor (1931); okay . Scott, The Imperial Cult below the Flavians (1936); M. P . Charlesworth, 'The Refusal of Divine Honours, an Augustan Formula', P B S R X V (1939), pp. 1 - 1 zero . Emperor worship used to be in basic terms a continuation of the divine honours paid to Alexander and his successors; see L . Cerfaux and J . Tondriau, Un concurrent du Christianisme: le culte des souverains dans los angeles civilisation greco-romaine (1957), with complete references and bibliography. F o r the Hellenistic history see Chr. Habricht, Gottmenschentum und griechische Stadte ( I nine 6 nine ) . 2 26. B. J. i 21, four (407). Cf. Ant. xv nine, five (328). //. The unfold of Hellenism 35 Zeus, and one in all Rome after Hera of Argos, for Augustus authorized worship of himself merely i n mix with that of Rome. As for the opposite cults of Caesarea, the cash exhibit a large choice. They belong basically to the second one and 3rd centuries, that is very suitable relating to Caesarea given that from the time of Vespasian the Roman point in preference to the Greek used to be considerably strengthened by way of the Roman colony brought through that emperor, Pliny, NH v 14/69; Dig. 1 15, eight, 7. The deities portrayed at the coin-types of Caesarea contain Nike-Victoria, universal in the course of the Roman international, the special Tyche-Astarte of the city, occasionally in a triad with Dionysus, Demeter and Sarapis, and comparatively hardly ever a number of the Olympian deities. The cash of Dora, attested from the reign of Caligula, endure a picture of Zeus with the laurel or of Astarte. Apion i n a silly story designates Apollo deus Doriensium* which Josephus assumes needs to discuss with our Dora. there's, despite the fact that, substantial explanation for supposing that the storyteller had in brain Adora in Idumaea (see p. five above). The worship of Apollo used to be i n any case universal within the Philistine towns (cf. Raphia, Gaza, Ashkelon). I t was once doubtless promoted by way of Seleucid impression, for Apollo used to be thought of to be the divine ancestor of the Seleucids within the similar approach that Dionysus was once believed to be that of the Ptolemies. old rites from the time of Elijah (1 Kgs. 18) have been nonetheless being played on Carmel i n the reign of Vespasian, within the outdoor with a naked altar, with no temple and and not using a divine photo. 27 28 29 zero 31 32 2 7 . Suetonius Div. Aug. fifty two: 'templa .

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