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Download E-books Scotland: Mapping the Nation PDF

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By Christopher Fleet

From the earliest depictions of Scotland through Ptolemy within the moment century advert to the newest mapping and illustration within the geographic info method and in satellite tv for pc navigation, this assortment bargains a desirable and thought-provoking standpoint on Scottish background and geography. Written via specialists who've spent their lives operating with maps and map heritage, this new background of Scotland is superbly illustrated with information of the main major manuscripts and published maps of the country.

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Those revisions let necessary chronological comparisons to be made. a couple of cities have been additionally surveyed at their very own rate (for instance, Aberdeen in 1899–1900, Dundee in 1900–01). determine five. 12 This depiction of streets and constructions close to the harbour in Girvan in 1857 exhibits unrivalled element. a result of 1:500 scale followed from 1855, many small gains should be proven: road bollards, lamp-posts, pavements, timber, steps and backyard paths are all proven ‘true-to-scale’. And, as a result of maps’ worth in enhancing city sanitation, many good points in relation to gasoline, water offer, sewerage and drainage are distinct – every one S. G. proven the following was once a Sewer Grate – in addition to actual spot-heights and benchmarks. The maps express the divisions among structures, together with tenements, in addition to the wynds and vennels so specified a characteristic of Scottish cities, yet that are hardly ever seen on smaller-scale maps. Many household and advertisement premises are proven, together with the George lodge and its stables; for public constructions, comparable to the banks and church buildings, their inner room format is additionally indicated. Over 1/2 those city plans have colored sheets, as proven the following, so much utilizing carmine for stone or brick structures, gray for wood or steel structures, sienna for roads, and blue for water. resource: Ordnance Survey, 1:500. Girvan, Sheet LV. four. 17, Surveyed 1857. Reproduced through permission of the Trustees of the nationwide Library of Scotland. determine five. thirteen Following a technical leap forward in 1833, whilst jute fibre used to be first spun routinely in Dundee, the jute increased throughout Western Europe with Dundee as its major centre. At its top within the 1860s and 1870s, the jute processing in Dundee hired a few 50,000 humans in over sixty factories scattered around the urban. the 1st Ordnance Survey 25 inch to the mile maps for Dundee, as proven right here, checklist this mass of factories good. Their color scheme, with pink for structures of masonry or brick, gray for structures of wooden or steel building, in addition to the vast blue cooling ponds of water, seize an commercial heartland in a blaze of color and element. resource: Ordnance Survey, 25 inch to the mile. Forfarshire Sheet LIV. five, surveyed 1872 (published 1874). Reproduced via permission of the Trustees of the nationwide Library of Scotland. For nearly all of Scotland’s cities, and mostly as a result of the cost concerned, there have been not more distinctive city maps created at this kind of scale after this Ordnance Survey paintings within the 19th century. What the Survey had pioneered helped open a window on Scotland’s city populations, and have become a chance for others. advertisement or municipal map-makers used those impressively specific maps for a number of different reasons. Publishers of alternate and submit workplace directories frequently incorporated a map and, for Scotland’s biggest cities, those have been revised each year in the course of the 19th and 20th centuries. advertisement map-makers, just like the Bartholomew and Johnston companies, exploited new possibilities for city maps: for vacationer viewers; for foreign exhibitions; to promote corporation premises; to teach railways, tramways and buses; or even to warning approximately social extra (fig.

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