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By Marinos Pourgouris
Attractive with the paintings of Nobel Prize-winning poet Odysseus Elytis in the framework of overseas modernism, Marinos Pourgouris locations the poet's paintings within the context of alternative modernist and surrealist writers in Europe. while, Pourgouris places ahead a redefinition of ecu Modernism that makes the Mediterranean, and Greece specifically, the discursive touch quarter and comprises overlooked parts comparable to nationwide id and geography. starting with an exam of Greek Modernism, Pourgouris's learn areas Elytis in dialog with Albert Camus; analyzes the effect of Charles Baudelaire, Gaston Bachelard, and Sigmund Freud on Elytis's idea of analogies; lines the emblem of the solar in Elytis's poetry in terms of the philosophies of Heraclitus and Plotinus; examines the effect of Le Corbusier on Elytis's concept of architectural poetics; and takes up the topic of Elytis's software of his conception of sun Metaphysics to poetic shape within the context of works via Freud, C. G. Jung, and Michel Foucault. trained through wide study within the usa and Europe, Pourgouris's learn makes a compelling contribution to the comparative research of Greek modernism, the Mediterranean, and the paintings of Odysseus Elytis.
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Extra resources for Mediterranean Modernisms: The Poetic Metaphysics of Odysseus Elytis
To stay in a monocultural ghetto— that turns out to me like a detrimental and obsessive form of loyalty: a compulsion nearly a neurosis! ” writes Kahanoff. 118 Camus may equally claim that he loves his “country an excessive amount of to be a nationalist”119 and might emphatically “reject the main of a Mediterranean nationalism” (confessing his religion in basic terms to “the nationalism of the sun”). a hundred and twenty impending Camus’s novels from an analogous attitude, possible upload that what they evoke isn't easily an city Frenchness yet, fairly, a worldly Frenchness. Mediterranean Humanism (or cosmopolitanism) capabilities right here as a precept wherein the rejection of nationwide autonomy is justified—hence, Lord Cromer, the British Controller-General of Egypt from 1883 to 1907, might write: “the in basic terms actual Egyptian autonomy, accordingly, which i'm able to conceive … is one that will allow all of the dwellers in cosmopolitan Egypt, be they Moslem or Christian, eu, Asiatic, or African, to be fused into one self-governing physique. ”121 Camus may likewise claim that “there hasn't ever but been an Algerian country. The Jews, the Turks, the Greeks, the Italians, the Berbers could have simply as a lot correct to assert the course of that digital state. ”122 The Arab of The Stranger is anonymous but when Meursault is French, it is just simply because he doesn't belong to a selected social or nationwide system—he is, in different phrases, a worldly Mediterranean guy. Edward stated, “Narrative, Geography and Interpretation,” New Left evaluation, no. one hundred eighty (1990): 81–97, p. 88. 118 Qtd in Gil Hochberg, inspite of Partition, p. fifty one. 119 Camus, Lyrical, p. 309. one hundred twenty Camus, Lyrical, p. one hundred ninety. 121 Evelyn Baring Cromer, sleek Egypt (New York: Macmillan, 1916), p. 568. Emphasis extra. 122 Albert Camus, Resistance, uprising and demise, trans. Justin O’Brien (New York: classic, 1988), p. a hundred forty five. 117 Towards a brand new Mediterranean tradition sixty three Elytis additionally rejects slim constraints of nationalism. “Being minimally poetic,” he writes echoing Camus, “I enjoyed Poetry to the utmost within the similar manner that being minimally patriotic I enjoyed Greece to the utmost. ”123 His Aegean is a markedly Greek area that's inseparable from the language and the culture that advanced in that specific geography. yet his perception of the Greek geography is way from being cosmopolitan or maybe city. And this can be the second one very important distinction that i might underline in evaluating Camus and Elytis. acknowledged reads Camus opposed to the historical past of Raymond Williams’ the rustic and town. extra particularly, he sees Camus’s misreading of the Algerian panorama as challenging (albeit no longer awake) because the misreading of the rustic throughout the lens of the city capitalist mode of construction. As i've got argued somewhere else, the main consultant modernist Greek poets didn't have a tendency in the direction of an outline of the hot cosmopolitan and chaotic city house. as a substitute, Elytis and his contemporaries’ paintings is characterised by way of a “drive to decentralization, a stream clear of the [urban] middle and in the direction of the [provincial] outer edge.