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This dictionary will current all at present approved accepted, particular, sub-specific and diversity names of timber, except fossil and extra lately extinct taxa, hybrids and cultivars. basically the indigenous timber of a continent, these wild species that have been usual components of the spontaneous woodland plants earlier than the arriving of Europeans or different colonizers, are included.
Each customary access contains the kinfolk to which it's assigned, the synonyms of the Latin identify, and the English, French, Spanish, alternate and different names. For the English and French names the normal identify is indexed first, by way of different to be had names with, in parentheses, the international locations the place they're used. the place acceptable, names in more languages also are included.
Each infrageneric (species, subspecies, sort) access contains, additionally, the distribution, top, kind of foliage, ecological features and major makes use of of the tree while available.
In this quantity purely taxa indigenous at the North American continent are integrated, thought of in a geographical, now not in a political feel. this implies from Alaska and Greenland to Panama, together with Caribbean, yet except for Hawaii.
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Extra info for Elsevier's Dictionary of Trees: Volume 1: North America
Linden e buckeye; horse chestnut, horse-chestnut, horsechesnut f marronnier; marronnier d’Inde s castaño caballum, castaño indico o ippocastano (italian); Rosskastanie (german) 235 Aesculus californica (Spach) Nutt. Hippocastanaceae MW North the United States (USA: California) S D hyg->xer dr fd(ob) (seeds: Californian Indians) pl ti? tx (pollen and nectar: honeybees; seeds) Calothyrsus californica Spach Hippocastanum californicum Greene e California buckeye; buckeye p. p. ; Californian buckeye (USA) f marronnier de Californie; pavier de Californie o ippocastano di California (italian); Kalifornische Pavie (german) 236 Aesculus flava Aiton Hippocastanaceae ME North the United States (USA: Illinois to Pennsylvania, N Mississippi to Georgia) L D sci hyg-> mes fd(ob) fw pl pp ti tx (fruits and seeds) Aesculus flava Sol. Aesculus octandra Marshall Aesculus octandra var. vestita Sarg. Aesculus octandra var. virginica Sarg. Pawia octandra Kuntze e yellow buckeye; great buckeye, buckeye p. p. , huge buckeye, candy buckeye f marronnier jaune; marronnier à fleurs jaunes, marronnier américain, pavier jaune o castagno americano (italian); Gelbe Pavie (german); ippocastano giallo (italian) 237 Aesculus glabra Willd. Hippocastanaceae MC ME North the US (USA: Nebraska to Pennsylvania, Texas to Alabama) M [L] D hel sci hyg [mes] neut cl (emblem tree of Ohio nation of united states) fw pp ti tx (leaves and seeds: farm animals and people) e Ohio buckeye; American horsechestnut, buckeye p. p. , fetid buckeye, stinking buckeye f marronnier glabre; marronnier de l’Ohio, A pavier de l’Ohio, pavier glabre o ippocastano dell’ Ohio (italian); OhioRosskastanie (german) 238 Aesculus glabra var. arguta (Buckley) B. L. Rob. Hippocastanaceae MC North the United States (USA: Nebraska and Iowa to Texas) S D [sci] Aesculus arguta Buckley Aesculus buckleyi (Sarg. ) Bush Aesculus glabra subsp. arguta (Buckley) E. Murray Aesculus glabra var. buckleyi Rehder Aesculus glabra var. buckleyi Sarg. Hippocastanum glabrum var. buckleyi Lunell e white Ohio buckeye; Texas buckeye, white buckeye f marronnier glabre du Texas 239 Aesculus glabra Willd. var. glabra Hippocastanaceae MC ME North the US (USA: Iowa to Pensylvania, Oklahoma to Tennesse) L D Aesculus glabra var. leucodermis Sarg. Aesculus glabra var. micrantha Sarg. Aesculus glabra var. monticola Sarg. Aesculus glabra var. pallida (Willd. ) Kirchn. Aesculus glabra var. sargentii Rehder e commonplace Ohio buckeye; fetid buckeye, Ohio buckeye p. p. f marronnier glabre typique; marronnier à fleurs rouges 240 Aesculus parryi A. grey Hippocastanaceae MW SW North the United States (Mexico: Baja California Norte) S D hyg mes tx (pollen and nectar: honeybees) Pawia parryi Kuntze e Parry buckey f marronnier de Parry s buckeye (Mexico) 241 Aesculus parviflora Walter Hippocastanaceae ME North the US (USA: Alabama, Georgia) S D e bottlebrush buckeye; bottle-brush buckeye f marronnier blanc; pavier blanc o ippocastano a fiori picoli (italian) 242 Aesculus pavia L. Hippocastanaceae MC ME North the USA (USA: Illinois to Virginia, Texas to N Florida) S [M] D sci mes pl tx (seeds) Aesculus pavia var.